ગુરુવાર, 28 ફેબ્રુઆરી, 2013

राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान दिवस


                विज्ञान से होने वाले लाभों के प्रति समाज में जागरूकता लाने और वैज्ञानिक सोच पैदा करने के उद्देश्य से राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी परिषद तथा विज्ञान एवं प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय के तत्वावधान में हर साल 28 फरवरी को भारत में राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान दिवस मनाया जाता है। 28 फरवरी सन् 1928 को सर सीवी रमन ने अपनी खोज की घोषणा की थी। इसी खोज के लिये उन्हे 1939 में नोबल पुरस्कार दिया गया था।
               राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान दिवस का मूल उद्देश्य तरुण विद्यार्थियों को विज्ञान के प्रति आकर्षित व प्रेरित करना तथा जनसाधारण को विज्ञान एवं वैज्ञानिक उपलब्धियों के प्रति सजग बनाना है। इस दिन सभी विज्ञान संस्थानों, जैसे राष्ट्रीय एवं अन्य विज्ञान प्रयोगशालाएं, विज्ञान अकादमियों, स्कूल और कॉलेज तथा प्रशिक्षण संस्थानों में विभिन्न वैज्ञानिक गतिविधियों से संबंधित प्रोग्राम आयोजित किए जाते हैं। महत्त्वपूर्ण आयोजनों में वैज्ञानिकों के भाषण, निबंध, लेखन, विज्ञान प्रश्नोत्तरी, विज्ञान प्रदर्शनी, सेमिनार तथा संगोष्ठी इत्यादि सम्मिलित हैं। विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में विशेष योगदान के लिए राष्ट्रीय एवं दूसरे पुरस्कारों की घोषणा भी की जाती है। विज्ञान की लोकप्रियता को बढ़ाने के लिए विशेष पुरस्कार भी रखे गए हैं।


History of National Science Day

In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate February 28 as National Science Day. The event is now celebrated all over the country in schools, colleges, universities and other academic, scientific, technical, medical and research institutions. On the occasion of the first NSD (National Science Day) on 30 May 2000 , the NCSTC announced institution of the National Science Popularization awards for recognizing outstanding efforts in the area of science communication and popularization. Sir C. V. Raman worked at Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Pune, West pimpri, India during 1907 to 1933 on various topics of Physics making discovery of the celebrated effect on scattering of light in1928, which bears his name and that brought many accolades including the Nobel Prize in 1930. The American Chemical Society designated the 'Raman Effect' as an International Historic Chemical Landmark in 2013.

2009

The focal theme for the year 2009 was "Expanding Horizons of Science".
On 28 February 2009, five institutions in the country were presented National Award for Science Communication by the Indian Department of Science and Technology. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of individuals and government and non-government bodies for the popularization of science in the country.
The highest award in 2009 was given to the Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Centre for its contribution to science-related learning material and conducting training programs on science education.
A Festival of Measurement and Space Fair was held at the Nehru Planetarium, New Delhi.
Dr. Pramod Kumar Mohapatra, G.S. Unnikrishnan Nair and Ms. Meenu Khare were awarded one lakh rupees for their individual contributions to the field.  Jidnyasa Trust of Thane also received one lakh rupees for setting up a science activity center.it is to make people aware about the science and technology.

2012

The focal theme for 2012 National Science Day is “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety” As the nation will observe National Science Day on February 28, the citizens will see a slew of activities at Science City which has planned a five-day Science Carnival on theme of youth and science. The science day is observed every year to commemorate Dr C V Raman's find of Raman Effect for which he later got Nobel Prize for physics in 1930.
"The Science Carnival is going to be an event with a series of scientific activities and programs involving school and college students, eminent scientists and faculties of the state and country. We want to provide a real platform for the budding scientists to make their career and profession in science," said a senior Science City official. Officials said that they are expecting nearly 1 lakh students and science enthusiasts to visit Science City during this period.

2013

National Science Day 2013 Theme is - “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”

Source : Wikipedia.org

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